Comparing and Transferring Law and Legal Expertise. The Role of Japan

Symposium zu Ehren des 70. Geburtstags von Harald Baum

  • Beginn: 01.09.2022 14:00
  • Ende: 03.09.2022 13:00
  • Ort: Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht

Das Symposium wird vom Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht, der Deutsch-Japanischen Juristenvereinigung e.V. (DJJV), dem Center for Interdisciplinary Studies of Law and Policy (CISLP) an der Universität Kyōto und dem Interdisziplinären Zentrum für Ostasienstudien (IZO) an der Goethe Universität Frankfurt gemeinsam organisiert.

Über das Symposium:

Japan’s history and its economic situation attest to its intertwining with its neighbors and beyond – potentially placing the country at the center of both legal comparison and legal export. But to what extent is this the case? Comprised of three sections, this symposium will examine this question, looking at the theoretical aspects and functions of comparative law and the example of Japan, the influence of Japanese law on other countries in particular fields of law, and the practical aspects of the export of Japanese law, such as legal technical assistance, legal harmonization projects and (transnational) legal education.

This symposium will reflect on the role of Japan – be it for the purpose of legal comparison or legal transfer – both from the Japanese perspective as well as from the perspectives of other legal systems. It aims to provide a forum for pertinent questions such as the role of Japanese law in the comparative legal studies; the role of Japanese law in the legal development of other countries, of international law conventions and of other instruments aiming at the harmonization of national laws; locating Japanese law, geographically or otherwise; different points of view and methodological approaches in the research of Japanese law; the role of Japan’s legal education in the formation of third countries’ lawyers and academics as well as the role of Japanese law in other countries’ legal education.

Japan’s legal system has always been influenced through various means by ideas and concepts of other legal systems. At several stages, it has been subject to the input of other countries like China, several parts of Western Europe and the United States. At others, it has exerted influence in various ways on the legal system of its neighbors. Since the 1990s, the export of legal concepts has been part of Japan’s official foreign policy. Scholarly interest in Japanese law has always existed, albeit to varying extents and in different parts of the world. In this context, the symposium will address the question: Where does Japan stand today?

The symposium will be held in honour of Harald Baum’s 70th birthday. Harald Baum has dedicated his life and academic career to researching and discussing Japanese law, and to making it accessible to an international audience. His achievements, besides earning him various prestigious awards, are mirrored in the extensive network of Japanese law experts he managed to build from the hub at the Max Planck Institute for International and Comparative Private Law in Hamburg. His 70th birthday therefore offers an excellent opportunity to take stock of the achievements of the transfer of concepts to and from Japanese law and its comparative study in Japan, Germany and beyond – but also to raise the question of how this area of research might evolve further.


Ruth Effinowicz (Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht)

Gabriele Koziol (Universität Kyōto)

Moritz Bälz (Goethe Universität Frankfurt)

Marc Dernauer (Universität Chūō)

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