Prof. Dr. Béligh Elbalti (Osaka University): Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in the Maghreb Countries – Special Focus on Civil and Commercial Matters

  • Datum: 25.05.2022
  • Uhrzeit: 14:00
  • Ort: Online-Veranstaltung
About the speaker:
Prof. Dr. Béligh Elbalti is an associate professor at the Graduate School of Law and Politics – Osaka University where he teaches, inter alia, Japanese law, comparative law, Islamic family law a and private international law. He is a holder of a Master’s in Law degree in Common Law Studies obtained in Tunisia. Since 2008, he has been established in Japan where he continued his advanced studies in the field of Private International Law and earned, in addition to another Master’s in Law degree in Legal Studies in 2011 his Doctor of Law Degree at the Graduate School of Law – Kyoto University on the theme of the liberalization of the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments in 2014. He is the author of a number of scientific articles and case notes mainly in the field of private international law. His research, which is based on extensive comparative approach, focuses on the development of private international law at a national level and international level, especially Asia and the MENA (Middle East and North Africa) region.

About the topic:
This presentation aims at providing an overall overview of the foreign judgments systems in force in the Maghreb countries. Maghreb countries refer to the three North African countries, namely, Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. Although the enforcement systems in the concerned countries apply indistinctively to judgments rendered in civil and commercial matters as well as family matters, focus will be placed on the former only. The examination of the enforcement systems in force in the concerned countries reveals some distinctive features including, inter alia, a broad notion of acts subject to the enforcement regimes, the minor role (if any) played by indirect jurisdiction, and quasi-irrelevance of reciprocity as a requirement for the enforcement of foreign judgments. More importantly, the way the domestic enforcement system has developed creates some articulation problems between the extensive network of bilateral and multilateral conventions concluded by each of the Maghreb countries and the domestic enforcement regimes in place. This has led some scholars (notably in Tunisia) to clamor that hierarchy of norms should be reversed to favor the application of the domestic rules rather than international conventions as those former better fits the objective of fostering the cross-border circulation of judgments.

About the virtual workshop series:
There is a growing interest in the study of private international law in Africa. In an environment of growing international transactions in both civil and commercial matters, private international law can play a significant role in Africa in addressing issues such as globalization, regional economic integration, immigration, etc. The series intends to discuss new scholarly work on private international law in Africa and advance solutions on how the current framework of that field can be improved on the continent.

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