In April 2018, China enacted a new Law on the participation of citizens in judicial proceedings conducted at the People’s Courts. In an article titled “Laienrichter in China nach dem neuen Schöffengesetz: Mehr als nur Dekoration?” [Lay judges in China under the new People’s Assessors Law: More than mere window-dressing?] Prof. Dr. Knut Benjamin Pißler, head of the China unit at the Max Planck Institute for Private Law, addresses the topics covered by the Law and the consequences that it is likely to carry. The article appears in Vol. 25, No. 3 (2018) of the German Journal of Chinese Law (ZChinR).